EXAMINATION OF EXOGENOUS DETERMINANT IN DEVELOPED TOURISM SITE

(A CASE STUDY OF ABUJA TOURISM SITES, NIGERIA )

By

O.U Alex-Onyeocha

Presented To

Department of Hospitality Management

ABSTRACT
The ecological system of our environment has always being in focal point as regard to the development of human and nature. The determinant of nature and environmental hazards is man and their activity, the topography of the environment has its role to play and in this research; the causes and management of natural disaster will be examined and the contributors to this disaster will be considered. The nature of natural disaster will also be xrayed, through the effects of environmental hazard in human activities. Literatures will be reviewed in the areas of development, environment, infrastructures and superstructure of natural disaster; it reveals the contribution of natural disaster and its impact on development. Structured questionnaires were used for data collection. Data collected were analyzed using table and simple percentage analysis and chart. Result showed that the main contributing factor for to natural disaster is man and its activities, through environmental degradation and misuse. Therefore, based on the results of the study, it is recommended that government policies should be up held and forced by the persons concerned in the areas of preserving the nature.
KEYWORDS: Tourism Development, Tourism Infrastructure, Tourism Superstructure, Natural Disaster, Environmental Hazards. 
INTRODUCTION
Human development and population growth are continuous and all will continually mount pressure on water and land resources with consequent reduction in these resources, thereby posing threats to all the natural resources. Pressure on natural resources, widespread development, pollution, population growth and ecosystem destruction are highlighted consequences of tourism industry (Benoit and come an 2005). Therefore, to avoid degredation of the raw materials which support the tourism industry, Philips and Jones (2006) emphasized the importance or maintain something (The international websterâs comprehensive Dictionary 2004) sustainability in ecological context is the ability of ecosystem to maintain ecological processes, function and biodiversity productivity in future (NASA 2002), according to Jafari et al 1996, tourism is sustainable when its development and operation include participation of local population, protection of the total environment, fair economic return for the industry and the host community, as well as a mutual respect for the gratification of all parties involved.
The main focus of sustainability is to satisfy the need of the present generations, while avoiding compromising the interest of future generations, by not degrading the resources base interest of future generations, by not degrading the resources base (Andrew 1998). That is for an ecosystem to sustain itself; its resources must be used at the rate which they can replenish themselves. It implies improving the quality of human life, while living within the carrying capacity of earthâs supporting ecosystem (LUCN 2008). Landscape can fashionable as seen with ecotourism. The perceptions of landscape not only vary among social value (KANT 1928) but also with time. Although development often reduces science value (Ergin et al 2006) and result in reduced amenity (Beloit and Campeau 2005), it is necessary to provide infrastructure in support of support of tourism industry. Tourism is essential for both the tourism industry and natural environment (Eagles et al 200, IUCN 1994). Therefore development should be focused on tourism products, while protecting nature and landscape.

ABUJA GROWING FOR TOURISM
Abuja is considered to be one of the wealthiest cities in Nigeria. The Nigerian capital city also has a reputation for being hospitable and friendly, all of which make it a great place to spend a little time during your stay in Nigeria. The city of -

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