PREVALENCE OF INTESTINAL HELMINTHASIS IN ENUGU METROPOLIS
(A CASE STUDY OF PARKLANE HOSPITAL)
EZEUBA JUDITH E.
Department of Science Technology
The question on whether the rate of intestinal helminthes in man is increasing or decreasing had caused a lot of controversies over years especially among children in Enugu metropolis. The investigations were conducted at the section in park lane hospital Enugu.
A total of 100 stool samples collected within the age limit of 1-15 years were examined. These samples were subjected to direct smear (saline direct smear method). Out of 100 individuals examined, 52 showed helminthes ova. Within the age limit of 3-4 were 40%, the age of 5-6 showed 33.3%, within the age of 7-8 were 100%, at the age limit of 9-10 years, the rate was 90%, within the age of 11-12 were 80%, age limit of 13-14 were 60%, at the age of 15 years were 50%. 40.38% were due to ascaris, 32.69% were due to hookworm while 26.92% were due to mixed infection of hookworm and ascaris.
LIST OF FIGURES
FIG 1: LIFE CYCLE OF ASCARIS LUMBRICOIDES
FIG 2: STRUCTURE OF ASCARIS LUMRICOIDES
FIG 3: STRUCTURE OF HOOKWORM (ANCYCLOSTOMA
DUODENALE) (NECATOR AMERICANUS)
FIG 4: A HISTOGRAM DISTRIBUTION OF THE PREVALENCE
RATE OF ASCARIS AND HOOKWORM.
LIST OF TABLES
TABLE 1: TECHNIQUES USED IN HELMITHS IDENTIFICATION
TABLE 2: ANALYSIS OF HELMINTHES RESULT
TABLE 3: PREVALENCE RATE OF ASCARIS, HOOKWORM, ASCARIS AND HOOKWORM
TABLE OF CONTENTS
List of Figures
List of Tables
Table of Contents
1.1 Background information of the study
1.2 Statement of problem
1.3 Aim and objectives of the study
1.4 Working hypothesis
1.5 Significance of the study
1.6 Limitation of the study
2.1 Menace of helminthes
2.2 The life cycle of helminthes
2.3 Pathogenesis and sources of infection
2.4 Control option of parasitic helminthes
2.5 Diagnosis of helminthes infection
MATERIALS AND METHODOLOGY
3.1 Materials and apparatus
3.2 Specimen collection
3.3 Parastological technique
3.4 Precautions taken when carrying out stool examination.
3.5 Distinguish features of helminthes ova
4.0 Result and discussion