AN APPRAISAL OF THE APPLICATION OF THE LAW RELATING TO DOMICILE IN NIGERIA

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Author

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Department of Law

ABSTRACT
This research project entitled ‘AN APPRAISAL OF THE APPLICATION OF THE 
LAW RELATING TO DOMICILE IN NIGERIA’, is aimed at examining the legal 
framework of the law relating to the concept of Domicile in Nigeria. However, in the 
course of this research, the finding of the researcher is that there is a gaping hole in 
the application of the rules of Domicile especially that of Domicile of Choice in inter-
state situation like Nigeria. For instance, according to the traditional concept, the 
rule of Domicile is to the effect that, to acquire a Domicile of choice, a person must 
satisfy, amongst others, a principal condition that he must have an intention of 
remaining in a country or place permanently or at least, indefinitely. This is not 
practically possible or feasible in Nigeria. Nigeria is a country made up of many 
States with various ethnic flavors where there is a high mobility of persons as a result 
of inter-marriages, work and search for ‘greener pastures’. The need to address this 
unsuitable circumstance constitutes the justification for this research. In the light of 
this, therefore, the objective of this research is to identify the challenges of the present 
practice to make viable recommendation as a way forward to addressing the 
challenges identified. In the final analysis, this research work is concluded by 
recommending, amongst others, that there should be a consideration of habitual 
residence as a requirement for acquisition of Domicile of choice rather than intention 
to reside permanently in a place. The research methodology relied upon will be 
doctrinaland the sources of information include relevant text materials, statutes, 
judicial decisions, journals and internet sources.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Page
Title page - … … … … … … … i
Dedication … … … … … … … … ii
Declaration … … … … … … … … iii
Certification … … … … … … … iv
Acknowledgment … … … … … … … v
Abstract … … … … … … … … vi
Table of Statutes … … … … … … … vii
Table of Cases … … … … … … … viii
Table of Abbreviations … … … … … … x
Table of Contents - … … … … … xi
Chapter One
GENERAL INTRODUCTION … … … … … 1
1.1 Introduction … … … … … … … 1
1.2 Statement of the Problem … … … … … 4
1.3 Scope Of The Research … … … … … 7
1.4 Research Methodology … … … … … 7
1.5 Literature Review … … … … … 7
1.6 JustificationFor The Research … … … … 9
1.7 Organizational Layout … … … … … 9
Chapter Two
CONCEPTUAL CLARIFICATIONS AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF 
DOMICILE IN NIGERIA … … … … … … 11
2.1 Introduction … … … … … … … 11
2.2 Conceptual Clarifications … … … … 11
2.3 Development Of Domicile In Nigeria … … 15
2.4 Forms Of Domicile … … … … … … 17
2.4.1 Domicile of origin … … … … … … 20
2.4.2 Domicile of choice … … … … … … 26
2.4.3 Domicile of dependence … … … … … 32
Chapter Three
LEGAL FRAMEWORK OF THE LAW ON DOMICILE IN NIGERIA 37
3.1 Introduction … … … … … … … 37
3.2 Rule 1: Nobody shall be without a domicile … … … 38
3.3 Rule 2: The rule prohibiting two domiciles … … … 39
3.4 Rule 3: Domicile connotes a connection with a territorial 
system of law … … … … … … … 39
3.5 Rule 4: The presumption of continuance of existing domicile 40
3.6 Rule 5: Determination of domicile according to Nigerian law 42
Chapter Four
ALTERNATIVES TO DOMICILE AS A CONNECTING FACTOR 44
4.1 Introduction … … … … … … … 44
4.2 Demerits of Domicile As A Connecting Factor … … 44
4.2.1 Uncertainty … … … … … … … 44
4.2.2 Technicality … … … … … … … 45
4.2.3 Proof of intention to change domicile … … … 46
4.3 Nationality As A Connecting Factor … … … 46
4.4 Habitual Residence as a Connecting Factor … … 52
Chapter Five
SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION … … … … … 55
5.1 Summary … … … … … … … 55
5.2 Findings … … … … … … … 55
5.3 Conclusion … … … … … … … 57
5.4 Recommendations … … … … … … 58
BIBLIOGRAPHY … … … … … … … 63

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