MODELING BRONCHO-PNEUMONIA STATUS IN INFANTS USING DISCRIMINANT AND LOGISIC REGRESSION ANALYSES

By

Author

Presented To

Department of Statistics

ABSTRACT
This work applies Discriminant Analysis and Logistic Regression models to predict the 
prevalence of Broncho-Pneumonia status (BPn) in infants. The data used in this study were 
collected from two tertiary health institutions in North Central Zone; University Teaching 
Hospital (UTH), Abuja and Federal Medical Centre (FMC), Keffi, Nassarawa State. Five 
predictors which are well-recognized for characterizing broncho-pneumonia in infants 
(baby’s weight at birth, baby’s weight 4week after, sex, mother’s age and mother’s 
occupation) were considered. One hundred and eighty (180) and two hundred and fifty 
three (253) infants with Low Birth Weight (LBW) were randomly sampled using simple 
random sampling technique from UTH, Abuja and FMC, Keffi respectively to build up the 
models. Both Linear Discriminant and Logistic Regression Models were fitted to the data 
for the two groups, and the best model was identified. Ten different samples of size 10 each 
were randomly taken from the dataset using SPSS package. The new datasets were used to 
validate the two models. It was observed that Discriminant Model is better used in the zone 
than Logistic Regression Model. We also find out that baby’s weight at birth is best at 
discriminating between the two groups, since it has the least value of Wilk’s Lambda compare to 
other predictor variables.
Table of Contents
TITLE PAGE…………………………………………………………………………………… i
DECLARATION…………………………………………………………………………………ii
CERTIFICATION………………………………………………………………………………iii
DEDICATION……………………………………………………………………………………iv
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT……………………………………………………………………… - v
ABSTRACT…………………………………………………………………………………… - vi
TABLE OF CONTENTS………………………………………………………………………vii
List of Tables……………………………………………………………………………………ix
Acronyms…………………………………………………………………………………………x
CHAPTER ONE…………………………………………………………………………………1
INTRODUCTION……………………………………………………………………………… - 1
11 Background of the study…………………………………………………………………1
12 Broncho-Pneumonia………………………………………………………………………5
13 Low Birth Weight…………………………………………………………………………6
14 Statement of the Problem…………………………………………………………………8
15 Aim and Objectives of the Study…………………………………………………………8
16 Significance of the Study…………………………………………………………………9
17 Scope of the Study………………………………………………………………………9
18 Definition of Terms………………………………………………………………………10
CHAPTER TWO………………………………………………………………………………10
LITERATURE REVIEW………………………………………………………………………10
21 Introduction………………………………………………………………………………10
22 General Review…………………………………………………………………………11
23 Gap identified in literature………………………………………………………………20
CHAPTER THREE…………………………………………………………………………… - 21
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY………………………………………………………………21
31 Introduction……………………………………………………………………………21
32 Assumptions of Discriminant and Logistic regression analyses………………………22
33 Study Design…………………………………………………………………………… 22
34 Population and Sample of Study…………………………………………………………23
35 Data Collection…………………………………………………………………………24
36 Concept of Discriminant Analysis………………………………………………………24
37 Method used in this study………………………………………………………………25
38 Test For Significance of Canonical Correlation (Wilk’s Lambda)… - ……………… - 30
39 Box’s M - Test for the Equality of Covariance Matrices…………… ………………30
310 Logistic Regression Model……………………………………………………………31
311 Chi-square test…………………………………………………………………………33
312 Omnibus Chi-Square Test…………………………………………………………… - 34
313 Multicollinearity………………………………………………………………………35
CHAPTER FOUR………………………………………………………………………………36
ANALYSIS, RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS…………………………………………………36
41 Introduction………………………………………………………………………………36
42 Descriptive Statistics……………………………………………………………………37
 43 Checking the Assumptions of Discriminant Analysis……………………………… - …39
 44 Linear Discriminant Function - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 40
45 The Logistic Regression Model…………………………………………………………43
46 Goodness of fit and classification power……………………………………………… - 44
47 Discussion of Results……………………………………………………………………46
48 Major Findings………………………………………………………………………… - 46
CHAPTER FIVE……………………………………………………………………………… - 48
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS…………………………………48
 51 Summary…………………………………………………………………………………48
52 Conclusion………………………………………………………………………………48
53 Recommendations…………………………………………………………………… - 49
54 Contribution to knowledge………………………………………………………………50
References………………………………………………………………………………………51
Appendix I………………………………………………………………………………………54

About E-Project Material Centre


E-Project Material Centre is a web service aimed at successfully assisting final year students with quality, well researched, reliable and ready made project work. Our materials are recent, complete (chapter 1 to Minimum of Chapter 5, with references) and well written.INSTANT ACCESS! INSTANT DOWNLOAD. Simply select your department, choose from our list of topics available and explore your data

Why Students Love to Use E-Project Material ?


Guaranteed Delivery Getting your project delivered on time is essential. You cannot afford to turn in your project past the deadline. That is why you must get your project online from a company that guarantees to meet your deadline. e-Project Topics Material Centre is happy to offer instant delivery of projects listed on our website. We can handle just about any deadline you send our way. Satisfaction Guaranteed We always do whatever is necessary to ensure every customer's satisfaction

Disclaimer


E-Project Topics Material Centre will only provide projects as a reference for your research. The projects ordered and produced should be used as a guide or framework for your own project. The contents of the projects should be able to help you in generating new ideas and thoughts for your own project. It is the aim of e-Project Topics Centre to only provide guidance by which the projects should be pursued. We are neither encouraging any form of plagiarism nor are we advocating the use of the projects produced herein for cheating.

Terms and Condition


Using our service is LEGAL and IS NOT prohibited by any university/college policies You are allowed to use the original model papers you will receive in the following ways:
  • As a source for additional understanding of the subject
  • As a source for ideas for you own research (if properly referenced)
  • For PROPER paraphrasing ( see your university definition of plagiarism and acceptable paraphrase) Direct citing ( if referenced properly)
Thank you so much for your respect to the authors copyright