DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF AN EMPLOYEE ATTENDANCE TRACKING/ MONITORING SYSTEM

By

Author

Presented To

Department of Computer Science

ABSTRACT

Employees are the backbone of any company therefore their management plays a major role in deciding the success of an organization. Each employee in the database is associated with a position can be added and edited when need arises. Over the years the process of manual attendance has been carried out which is not only time consuming but also provides erroneous result. Automated time and attendance monitoring system provides many benefits to organizations. This reduces the need of pen and paper based manual attendance tracking system. Following this thought, this paper discussed how employers indirectly gather information on their employees in the workplace. The means used in achieving this aim is through e-monitoring and surveillance. In this project, a finger print module is implemented with the Employee tracking system to register employee data and allow access to the system, with this employers can monitor the attendance system of employees more effectively and from data collected can form a result for each employee.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

COVER PAGE …………………………………………………………………… i

DECLARATION ………………………………………………………………… I

CERTIFICATION ………………………………………………………………… III

DEDICATION ………………………………………………………………………IV

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ………………………………………… - - - - V

ABSTRACT ………………………………………………………………………VI

LIST OF FIGURES ……………………………………………………………… XI

LIST OF TABLES…………………………………………………………………X

CHAPTER 1 …………………………………………………… - - - - - 1

INTRODUCTION

10 BACKGROUND INFORMATION OF THE STUDY………………………1

11 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM…………………………………………3

12 SIGNIFICANCE / JUSTIFICATION OF THE STUDY ………………… - 4

13 OBJECTIVE………………………………………………………………… - 4

14 SCOPE OF THE STUDY………………………………………………………5

15 METHODOLOGY……………………………………………………………5

CHAPTER 2

LITERATURE REVIEW

20 INTRODUCTION …………………………………………………………… - 6

21 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND………………………………………………7

22 RELATED WORKS……………………………………………………………8

23 SIMILARITIES BETWEEN PROPOSED SYSTEM AND EXISTING SYSTEMS…18

24 DIFFERENCES BETWEEN PROPOSED SYSTEM AND EXISTING SYSTEMS…19

CHAPTER 3

DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION PROCEDURE

30 INTRODUCTION……………………………………………………………………11

31 SOFTWARE DESIGN………………………………………………………………11

32 HARDWARE ARCHITECTURE… - - - - - - - - - - - - - 12

33 SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURE……………………………………………… - - 13

34 METHODOLOGY AND FLOWCHART……………………………………………14

35 UNIQUE FEATURE OF FINGERPRINT……………………………………………16

36 FINGERPRINT MATCHING…………………………… - - - - - - - 19

CHAPTER 4

40 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION……………………………………………… - - 21

CHAPTER 5

CONCLUSION

5 1 CONCLUSION ………………………………………………………………………24

REFERENCES……………………………………………………………………………25

LIST OF FIGURES

FIG 31 General Architecture of a Biometric System…………………………………12

FIG 32 FINGER PRINT MODULE …………………………………………………13

FIG 33 SCREEN SHOT OF PROGRAMME IDE …………………………………14

FIG 34 Flowchart of Attendance System Using Biometrics (Fingerprint) ………… - 16

FIG 35 Example of fingerprint recognition ……………………………………………17

FIG 36 Example of ridge ending …………………………………………… - - - 18

FIG 37 Example of bifurcation ………………………………………………………18

FIG 38 Example of short ridge ………………………………………………………18

FIG 39 Global Features …… - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 19

FIG 310 Fingerprint matching ……………………………………… - - - - - 20

FIG 41 EMPLOYEE DATA ENROLMENT UI………………………………………21

FIG42 EMPLOYEE DATABASE UI…………………………………………………22

FIG43 FINGER PRINT ENROLMENT UI………………………………………… - 23

FIG44 EMPLOYEE DATABASE……………………………………………………23

FIG45 EMPLOYEE DETAILS………………………………………………………23

FIG46 FINGER PRINT ENROLLED…………………………………………………23

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

10 BACKGROUND INFORMATION OF THE STUDY

Technology today aims at reducing the human efforts and promoting better living and cost effective, safe and convenient methods Ten years ago the world was adjusting to the fact that people could access information in the privacy of their own home from the World Wide Web Today, technology has taken society to another plateau; people can be tracked wherever they go from their cell phone or car These devices work in real time and can provide an interested party with a wealth of information about the private daily activities of every person Just as the introduction of the Internet to the workplace created new legal and policy issues, employee tracking in the workplace implicates a new set of privacy concerns Workers around the world, in particular, in the more developed countries, are viewed to be frequently subjected to some kind of electronic monitoring, tracking and surveillance by their employers

Workplace electronic surveillance is a method through which organizations monitor the activities or gather data about their employees by using the tools and devices of Information Technology (IT) Office of Technology Assessment [1], defines electronic monitoring as "the computerized collection, storage, analysis, and reporting of information about employees' productive activities" As discussed in [2], employee monitoring is in line with knowledge management in that organizations must create an environment of accountability and transparency that would enable them operate effectively According to [3], these technological activities offer managers the ability to map their employees’ communication In an attempt to observe, assess, and increase the performance and productivity of the employees and to decrease abuses or waste, and control undesirable employee behaviours

Organizations watch employees primarily to protect their assets, although the nature and intensity of surveillance says much about how a company views its employees Workplace surveillance has consequences for employees, affecting employee well-being, work culture, productivity, creativity and motivation If no alternative can be found, managerial attention to task design, supervisory processes, employees’ expectations about monitoring, and an appraisal of the company's operating environment can mediate its downsides It is argued that in many ways the normality of workplace surveillance, and the prevalence of arguments about how to ‘do it better’, make it difficult to radicalize As part of what is seen as ‘good’ management practice, it can confer benefits on the employee if conducted in a humane, balanced way, and is considered on a case-by-case– organization-by-organization–basis [4]

This project aims to review the proliferation of research findings about surveillance and tracking of employees in the workplace and the issues surrounding it and develop an employee tracking system with biometric data capture using a finger print module

11 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

In recent times, employees across the globe, in order to increase efficiency, measure productivity, decrease risk, and generally maximize profits, many private enterprises monitor their employees This is due to the fact that, employees in these institutions many a times waste way work hours, by means late comings, the unproductive behaviours and ways using workplace resources for personal and other unjustified purposes The cases of exploiting internet data and communication between co-employees, so the need to define a novel method by which employers can have a vista to employee activities thereby promoting efficiency and safety The implication of this is a motivation for this project, which designs a system for logging employee activities from resumption to close of work with a finger print access for each employee record

12 OBJECTIVE

The aim of this project is to design and construct an electronic device capable of sensing and indicating liquid as in this case petroleum products and water level in a reservoir in order to sustain the adequate, timely and indispensable supply of same for the continuous flow of production, sales and distributions in industrials and agricultural development

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